founding of the Republican Party. By launching unmerited attacks on the moral integrity of James Madison and the historical integrity of his Notes, they know what they are about. Though Douglas had won a narrow victory, Lincoln managed to unite the disparate elements of his state's fledgling Republican Party that curious amalgamation of former Whigs, antislavery Democrats, nativists, foreigners, radicals, and conservatives. The first ballot was not due to be called until.m. The proper role of historians, like the proper role of judges, is to exercise judgment, not will.
As a public man he possessed unusual resilience, enabling him to accept criticism with good-humored serenity. By 1860, Springfield boasted nearly ten thousand residents, though its business district, designed to accommodate the expanding population that arrived in town when the legislature was in session, housed thousands more. For a short time after the convention, newspapers across the country heralded Bates as a leading prospect for high political office, but he refused to take the bait. Yet everything was chosen for effect: even the dogs, it was said, seemed "designed and posed." Columbus was a bustling capital city in 1860, with a population of just under twenty thousand and a reputation for gracious living and hospitable entertainment. Described by the portrait artist Alban Jasper Conant as "the quaintest looking character that walked the streets Bates still wore "the old-fashioned Quaker clothes that had never varied in cut since he left his Virginia birthplace as a youth of twenty." He stood five feet. Thirteen months before the Chicago convention, at a dinner hosted by Missouri congressman Frank Blair, Bates was approached to run for president by a formidable political group spearheaded by Frank's father, Francis Preston Blair,.